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Last reviewed April 2020

Minnesota Issues Resource Guides
Redistricting 2020

This guide is compiled by staff at the Minnesota Legislative Reference Library on a topic of interest to state legislators. It introduces the topic and points to sources for further research. It is not intended to be exhaustive. 

"The representation in both houses shall be apportioned equally throughout the different sections of the state in proportion to the population thereof. [...] At its first session after each enumeration of the inhabitants of this state made by the authority of the United States, the legislature shall have the power to prescribe the bounds of congressional and legislative districts." - Excerpt from the Constitution of the State of Minnesota, article IV.

April 1, 2020 marks Census Day, a key reference date for the 2020 Census. That day is used to determine who is counted and where in the 2020 Census. When citizens respond to census forms, they tell the United States Census Bureau where they live as of April 1, 2020, and include everyone who usually lives and sleeps in their home. For the first time, citizens can choose to complete the census online, by phone, or by mail. Redistricting—the redrawing of congressional and legislative districts to balance them for equal population while meeting many other criteria—starts again in 2021, after new census data is released in late 2020.

As the redistricting process gets underway this page will be updated. For more information, please see the Overview of Reapportionment and Redistrcting in Minnesota guide. 

Significant Books and Reports

Gehring, Matt. Congressional and Legislative Redistricting 2020: Timeline Scenarios. St. Paul: House Research Department, 2020. (JK6168 .C67 2020)

Gehring, Matt. Local Government Redistricting 2020. St. Paul: House Research Department, 2020.

Gehring, Matt. Minnesota Redistricting Process: A Historical Overview. St. Paul: House Research Department, 2011. (JK6168 G44 2011)

2011 Redistricting Guide. St. Paul, Minnesota Secretary of State, 2011. (JK6168 .R43 2011)

Redistricting Law 2020 [Member login required to download]. Denver, CO: National Conference of State Legislatures, 2019. (KF4905 .R42 2019)

General Principles and History

See the Overview of Reapportionment and Redistricting in Minnesota guide for more reports about the history of the process.

Stangl, Alexis C., and Gehring, Matt. History of Minnesota Congressional Redistricting. St. Paul: Minnesota Legislature, Senate Counsel and Research and House Research Department, 2018. (JK1343.M6 S73 2018)

Stangl, Alexis C., and Gehring, Matt. History of Minnesota Legislative Redistricting. St. Paul: Minnesota Legislature, Senate Counsel and Research and House Research Department, 2018. (JK6168 .S73 2018)

Wattson, Peter. Districting Principles in Minnesota Courts. St. Paul: Peter S. Wattson, 2018. (JK6168 .W388 2018)

Wattson, Peter. History of Minnesota Redistricting. St. Paul: Senate Counsel and Research, 2010. (JK6168 .W39 2010) 

Significant Articles

(articles in reverse chronological order)

Lowenthal, Alan S., PhD. "The Ills of Gerrymandering and Independent Redistricing Commissions as the Solution: Policy Essay." Harvard Journal on Legislation, Winter 2019. 

"Political Gerrymandering: Judicial Review of Partisan Redistricting." Supreme Court Debates, September 2019. 

Wice, Jeffrey M. and Strigari, Frank M. "Redrawing Maps the Right Way: States have an Opportunity to Make a Fresh Start and Achieve Greater Cooperation When Redistricting." State Legislatures, July/August 2019. 

Zamarripa, Christi. "Piece by Piece: There's Still Time to Learn the Basics of Redistricting Before You Tackle the Really tough Stuff." State Legislatures, March/April 2019. 

Sturdevant, Lori. "Redistricting Reform Can't Wait; So Say Its Advocates." Star Tribune, January 28, 2019. 

Zezima, Katie. Voters are Stripping Partisan Redistricting Power From Politicians in Anti-Gerrymandering Efforts. Washington Post. November 7, 2018.

Kaul, Greta. "Half of Minnesota's U.S. House Races are Competitive this Year: do we have the Courts to Thank?" MinnPost, July 9, 2018.

Liptak, Adam. "Supreme Court Sidesteps Decision on Partisan Gerrymandering." The New York Times, June 18, 2018.

"Redistricting Showdown: Should Partisan Gerrymandering be Eliminated?" CQ Researcher, August 25, 2017.

Significant Internet Resources

Census 2020 - From the U.S. Census Bureau.

Census 2020: Countdown to the Count - A redistricting resource page from the Minnesota State Demographic Center. The center analyzes and distributes data from state, U.S. Census Bureau and other sources.

Districting Principles for 2010 and Beyond - National Conference of State Legislatures' (NCSL) webpage compares districting criteria used by each state as it redrew legislative and congressional districts following the 2010 Census. It also includes new principles adopted by Colorado, Michigan, Missouri, New York, Ohio, and Utah for the 2020 cycle.

Election Dates for Legislators and Governors who do Redistricting - Information from NCSL. 

Elections & Redistricting - Minnesota House Research Department publications on the topic of redistricting. 

Historical Legislative and Congressional Maps - From the Minnesota Legislature's Geographic Information Systems Office.

Laws that Relate to Minnesota Legislative and Congressional Redistricting - From the Minnesota House Research Department. 

Redistricting - From the Minnesota Secretary of State's Office, Election Administration & Campaigns Division.

Redistricting - NCSL's resource for information on the process, law and technology necessary for redistricting. See also their State Redistricting Commissions: State Legislative Plans page and Creation of Redistricting Commissions.  

Redistricting and the Supreme Court: The Most Significant Cases - NCSL's overview of the most significant Supreme Court decisions on redistricting from the last five decades.

Redistricting 2020 - Information from the Minnesota Legislature's Geographic Information Systems Office.

Additional Library Resources

For newspaper articles on the topic since 2009, check our Minnesota News Archive, Redistricting/Reapportionment 73.0

For materials prior to 2009, check the following codes in the Newspaper Clipping File and the Vertical File:

A34 - Apportionment

For additional reports with a Minnesota focus available through the Legislative Reference Library, use this Library catalog search:
Apportionment (Minnesota); Redistricting (Minnesota).

For further information on redistricting see:

Groups Involved with this Issue

Redistricting Reform - League of Women Voters: Minnesota web page with information on redistricting.

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