He moved to Wisconsin in 1844, with his parents. He went west to search for gold in California, Oregon, Idaho, and Montana in 1859. He came to Minnesota in 1865.
"Politically he is a Republican." (Biographical Sketches of the Officers of the State Government of Minnesota and the 19th Minnesota State Legislature by C.L. Hall, 1877, p. 51)
He was listed as a Republican on the list of members posted after the 1877 election. ("The Next Legislature." St. Paul Pioneer Press, November 10, 1877)